I'm using the images that appear on the posts on this blog, "Reboot the Past", for the purposes of commentary and criticism. They thus constitute "transformative work" in that their meanings are altered from their original forms by the addition of my arguments and observations. For these reasons, they fall under Fair Use.
According to the U.S. Copyright Office, "Fair use is a legal doctrine that promotes freedom of expression by permitting the unlicensed use of copyright-protected works in certain circumstances." These circumstances are defined in Section 107 of the Copyright Act.
The four provisions that Section 107 identifies are as follows:
"(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes." The purpose and character of my use of these images is to assist in analysis and argumentation. For visual media such as television, film, and comic books, words by themselves are inadequate to make the arguments proposed in this blog.
"(2) the nature of the copyrighted work." I attribute all images to their copyright holders after each image or, in the case of header images, at the end of each post.
"(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole." In this blog I utilize screen captures of the screen media being analyzed. These screen captures are low-resolution reproductions of a very small portion of the copyright work. These copies could in no way be used to make illegal copies of the original works.
"(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work." The isolated screen captures that appear in this blog in no way substitute for the original work, nor will they affect the value of the original work or limit the copyright holder's ability to sell or distribute the original works. If anything, the screen captures and the analysis that accompanies them should increase the potential market for the copyrighted work by increasing awareness and appreciation of the originals.
Each photo has a "photo credit" in its caption; header photo credits are included at the end of each post.